Life expectancy in Mali is 53 years (2009), according to the World Health Organization (WHO). But this is an improvement from 20 years ago, when the average Malian could expect to live just 43 years.

Unlike other African countries, Mali at least has a low incidence of HIV/AIDS; 1% of the adult population is infected. However, this still means around 76,000 people live with HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS 2009). And an estimated 59,000 children in Mali have lost either one or both parents to the disease.

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