India, with the world’s second largest population of about 1.3 billion, still has about 15% of it living in the darkness without access to electricity. The Indian electricity system has resource and economic constraints on one hand, and environmental concerns on another. While many countries have switched over to renewable energy solutions for electricity, India is still lagging with just 20% of its electricity generating capacity, or 67033 MW, being based on renewable sources like wind, solar and biomass. As the demand for electricity is only expected to grow, how can we satisfactorily address above concerns?

In a recent study, researchers from the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, have investigated if renewable energy sources and their large-scale integration into the electricity grid can address these concerns and help transition our electricity system into a ‘clean energy’ system. The study, published in the journal Energy Strategy Reviews, finds that using solar and wind energy systems could be a significant step to transition into a sustainable national electricity system.

In India, the NITI (National Institute for Transforming India) Aayog has been entrusted with the responsibility for providing research-based inputs and advises for achieving sustainable development goals. The current study evaluates four energy supply scenarios, proposed by the NITI Aayog, to achieve this goal.

Read more at Research Matters