Climate change could sink up to 122 million more people into extreme poverty by 2030, mostly in South Asia and Africa, where small farmers will see their output plummet, the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) warned Monday.

In an annual report, the FAO warned that a worst-case scenario of high-impact climate change would pound the communities that rely on agriculture for their livelihood, and food insecurity could spread to all regions.

It called for a “broad-based transformation of food and agricultural systems” to adapt to a warmer world, with an emphasis on supporting small shareholders.

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