A decade on from the global financial crisis, we risk ignoring a much more obvious crisis slowly unfolding on a continent just 14 kilometres from Europe: Africa’s population is set to double by 2050.

This fact presents us with two future scenarios. In one, Africa has a larger workforce than India or China and becomes the emerging engine of the global economy. In the other, millions of young people lack employment or the skills to find it, become frustrated and decide to migrate or, worse, fall under the influence of extremist ideologies.

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